Estonia is a country that came into being after World War II. Included in the Scandinavian family, very attractive, although disregarded by many tourists due to a relatively small population of people visiting this country during the season.
Estonia is located in Northern Europe in the Baltic Sea Basin. Neighbouring countries are: Russia to the south east and south west, and Finland to the north (right above the Gulf of Finland). What is especially appreciated by sailors is the possibility to visit Helsinki during a cruise on Estonian waters, as it is very close to the sea.
The area of Estonia is not significant, but you can easily find attractive places among the cities and towns of this country – places worth visiting during yacht holidays or hiking on land. The shore very versatile and full of numerous smaller and larger islands, so cruise in Estonia can be very attractive. There are over 1500 islands belonging to Estonia, with the total area of 42,000 km². Sarema and Hiuma are the largest among them. Chartering a yacht in Estonia cannot be boring!
The Estonian climate is considered moderate transitional between maritime and continental climates. Although sailing on the Baltic Sea near Estonia is truly comfortable, it can also be dangerous – sudden weather breakdowns, strong wind and fogs are quite frequent, so you need to monitor weather alerts for a given region is necessary during the cruise. However, you should no be afraid – an experienced skipper will surely take care of the yacht and weather conditions. But if the quartermaster and the crew are not experienced, it is worth observing other captains and copy their manoeuvres – if you notice several neighbouring yachts changed they course suddenly or turned back to the bay, try to gather information why in order to avoid unexpected situations at the sea.
As far as the indigenous inhabitants of Estonia are concerned, their behaviour, culture and traditions have very strong Swedish and Danish influences. Interestingly, the name of the capital city of the country, Tallinn, is translated as „Danish City”. Also other large cities are worth seeing during holidays in Estonia, like Tartu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve or Pärnu.
The landscape is mainly post-glacial relief, i.e. morenas, drumlins, eskers and post-glacial lakes, including lowlands, with the highest elevation of Suur Munamägi. The longest river in Estonia is Võhandu.